Who Is Involved in a Real Estate Transaction When Buying a Home?

Who Is Involved in a Real Estate Transaction When Buying a Home?

Are you considering buying a home? You might be interested in knowing the parties involved in a real estate transaction. To a first-time homebuyer, buying a home should be as simple as ordering a pizza. But to an experienced buyer, the idiom that comes to mind is “the devil is in the details.”

Real estate transactions are complex and lengthy and could involve up to ten professionals, depending on the nature of the transaction. So, who are the people involved and what are their roles in the home buying process?

Who Is Involved in a Real Estate Transaction When Buying a Home

Typically, the same group of professionals is involved in every real estate transaction. And when you’re dealing with more than five parties, it can be hard to keep up with everyone. We’ve consumed a gallon of coffee to put up this comprehensive list of the key players in a real estate transaction and their roles.

Common Parties Involved in a Real Estate Transaction

1. The Seller
The seller is the legal owner of the subject property that is listed for sale. It could be an individual, or an entity—home buying company, financial institution, homebuilder, or even a housing development company.

The home seller usually hires an agent to manage the home selling process. At times, the homeowner may act alone, in which case, the property is advertised as “For Sale by the Owner.”

2. The Loan Officer
A loan officer is a representative of a bank or any other financial institution.

He or she will examine your financial information and credit report to determine if you qualify for a mortgage, and will even help you get pre-approved for the loan.

Pre-approval is important to the homebuyer because it shows the seller/agent how serious you’re about buying the house. If your loan application is not approved, the loan officer can also guide you on what to do to improve your credit score.

3. The Lender
The lender is often an institution, rather than an individual, who provides you with the financing you need to purchase a home. It could be a commercial bank, credit union, savings & credit institution, or any other type of financial institution.

These institutions rely on the information availed by the loan officer to qualify you for a loan/mortgage.

It’s best to visit the lender before embarking on your home hunting journey. The lender will pre-qualify you for the amount you’re financially qualified to borrow and provide you with a pre-qualification letter that you’ll present to the seller.

4. Real Estate Agent
A real estate agent is a licensed professional who represents sellers or buyers of real estate property. Indeed, it takes more than a few months to become a real estate agent, particularly when you factor in licensing requirements. According to the National Association of Realtors (NAR), 87% of home buyers use an agent when buying a home.

So, chances are you’ll interact with a real estate agent when buying your next home. That said, you’ll find two different types of agents when buying a house.

  •          Buyer’s agent
  •          Seller’s agent

The buyer’s agent works for the buyer. He or she will help you find your dream home, set up showings, negotiate a fair price for the property on your behalf, and guide you through the legal requirements for completing your purchase.

On average, a buyer can spend a few days going through the pre-approval process, a few weeks shopping for the right home, and roughly 30 – 45 days to close the deal. Your agent will walk with you throughout each step of the real estate transaction process to closure.

In comparison, the seller’s agent works for the seller, and you might not interact with them directly. Also known as the listing agent, their role is to list the property in the MLS and perform various marketing duties for the seller.

Do Buyers Have to Get a Home Appraisal5. Home Appraiser
Before the lender can approve a home loan, they will require a home appraisal to confirm the value of the home prior to closing. An appraisal is an unbiased estimate of the true value of what a property is worth.

In this context, a home appraiser will review the home and compare it with the prices of similar properties in the area to determine the home’s market value. Although a home appraiser works for the lender, you’re responsible for paying the appraisal fees.

6. Home Inspector
A home inspector is a professional hired by the buyer to ensure the building is up to code. He or she will inspect the property with you from top to bottom and provide a comprehensive analysis of the state of the home’s major components and systems, including:

  •          Walls, roof, and floors
  •          Electrical systems
  •          Plumbing systems

In the event the home inspector identifies any structural defects, they’ll notify you, and you can use the home inspection report to negotiate a better price. This inspection can also give you insights into repair costs that you’re likely to incur in the future.

7. Title Company
Another very important party in a real estate transaction is the title company.

During the closing process, a representative from the title company will work with you, your agent, and your attorney to ensure the title is clear of liens and encumbrances that may bar the transfer of title. This ensures the person selling the property is the true owner or has the legal rights to sell it, in case the property was inherited.

8. Real Estate Attorney
A real estate attorney is not involved in every home purchase but some states require real estate closings to be conducted by an attorney.

Nevertheless, you’ll need a real estate attorney to guide you on the legal framework surrounding property law. At the very least, your attorney should be able to address some of the concerns you might not have thought of.

For example, what happens if the seller changes their mind at the last minute? What happens if a home inspection reveals a structural defect? If the house has a deck attached to it, was it done lawfully? Your real estate attorney should be able to answer these questions.

9. Insurance Company
Risk management is vital in such a high-value purchase, and that’s why an insurance representative is a must-have party in any property deals. Property insurance is critical as it will help you avoid being hit by a major financial burden in the event of injuries. It also helps to protect your home in the event of a fire, flood, and other natural disasters.

Final Thoughts

During the real estate process from start to finish you will encounter a lot of different parties. The number of people or companies will vary from transaction to transaction but there are some very common ones in every transaction, such as a real estate agent or home inspector. We hope this article will give you insights into the parties you’re likely to interact with when buying a home. Feel free to comment and share.

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About the Author

Top Wellington Realtor, Michelle Gibson, wrote: “Who Is Involved in a Real Estate Transaction When Buying a Home?”

Michelle has been specializing in residential real estate since 2001 throughout Wellington Florida and the surrounding area. Whether you’re looking to buy, sell or rent she will guide you through the entire real estate transaction. If you’re ready to put Michelle’s knowledge and expertise to work for you call or e-mail her today.

Areas of service include WellingtonLake WorthRoyal Palm Beach, Boynton Beach, West Palm Beach, Loxahatchee, Greenacres, and more.

Who Is Involved in a Real Estate Transaction When Buying a Home?

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Michelle Gibson Wellington Florida REALTORMichelle Gibson of the Hansen Real Estate Group Inc is a full-time REALTOR who has been specializing in Wellington Florida real estate since 2001. This veteran of the real estate industry has expertise in technology, marketing, and social media.


Hansen Real Estate Group Inc. is a full-service real estate brokerage specializing in residential real estate. As a customer-focused, quality organization, we achieve success one client at a time. Call 561-333-0446 or e-mail me today at [email protected].

Michelle Gibson and Hansen Real Estate Group Inc fully support the principles of the Fair Housing Act and the Equal Opportunity Act. Accessibility Statement


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